Was this helpful?




Do you have something to say?

Post Comments

Suffixes

March 18, 2019
Suffixes

Suffixes are the letter/s which are added at the end of a stem to make new words. The affixes used in the suffixed words are different from the affixes used in the prefixed words, and they make different kinds of words.
Most of the affixes that are used in the suffixed words have no meaning of their own.
“A suffix (also called ending) is an affix that is placed after the stem of a word.”
– Wikipedia
Example:
Reader = ‘read’ is the stem of the word which has different meaning and different grammatical function in a sentence but the affix ‘er’ changes both the meaning and the grammatical function of the word to make a new word.
  • Reading
  • Readable
  • Creator
  • Creation
Note: It is not necessary that a suffix change both meaning and grammatical property of the words. It can perform either of them.

List of Common Suffixes

A suffix can make a word/stem of a word a noun, verb, adverb, or adjective. A suffix can also make a transition in the degree of an adjective or in the tense of a verb.

Noun Suffixes
Suffix
Meaning
Example
-age
a condition
leakage, bondage, marriage
-al
an action   
denial, removal, approval 
-ar
one who performs the action
beggar, liar, scholar
-cy
state
quality
urgency, emergency, fallacy
accuracy, decency, lunacy
-dom
place
state of being 
kingdom, dukedom, earldom
boredom, freedom, stardom
-ee
one who performs an action
interviewee, internee, employee, nominee
-er
one who performs the action
reader, driver, maker, painter
-hood
state of being
boyhood, childhood, manhood
-ion
condition
union, opinion
-ism
doctrine or belief
marxism, Sufism, egotism
-ist
one who is something
dentist, chemist, Marxist, atheist
-ice
the result of an action
service, cowardice
-logy
theory
biology, geology, ecology
-ment
the condition of an action
acknowledgment, punishment, agreement  
-on/en/an
doer
artisan, citizen, surgeon
-ness
state of being
sadness, happiness, rudeness, business 
-nce 
state
quality
abundance, absence, presence
brilliance, endurance, obedience  
-or
one who performs the action
creator, supervisor, sailor
-ship
position held
internship, partnership, kinship
-sion
state of being
illusion, inclusion, extension
-tion
state of being 
creation, information, confirmation 
-tude
result of an action
fortitude, magnitude, servitude
-ty
quality
state
flexibility, sensibility, frailty, serenity, safety, reality

Verb Suffixes
-ate
do
captivate, annihilate, exterminate 
-en
do
broaden, awaken, strengthen
-er
do
chatter, glitter, glimmer
-ish
do
publish, nourish, punish, banish
-fy
make
rectify, simplify, amplify
-ize
become
humanize, organize, socialize, legalize

Adjective Suffixes
-able
capable of being
presentable, readable, believable 
-al
belonging to
legal, local, mental, mortal, fatal, musical
-ar
quality
familiar, regular, circular
-ed
quality
gifted, talented, learned, cultured
-en
made of
golden, wooden, woolen, leaden
-ful
notable for
beautiful, wonderful, doubtful
-ible
capable of
admissible, divisible, sensible
-ic
pertaining to
allergic, mythic, domestic, historic
-ish
belonging to
selfish, Turkish, Irish, Polish, childish
-istic
characterized by an attribute
fantastic, pessimistic, optimistic, sarcastic
-ile
having the nature of
fragile, juvenile, servile
-ian/an
belonging to
Indian, American, Russian, Victorian
-ive
having the nature of
creative, punitive, divisive, decisive 
-less
without
fearless, helpless, endless, tireless
-ous
characterized by an attribute
studious, pious, religious, joyous 
-y
characterized by
smelly, healthy, greedy, wealthy

Source: Learn Grammar

Suffixes are the letter/s which are added at the end of a stem to make new words. The affixes used in the suffixed words are different from the affixes used in the prefixed words, and they make different kinds of words.

Categories:

Post a Comment

[blogger]

Author Name

Contact Form

Name

Email *

Message *

Powered by Blogger.