The Philippine Constitutions1. 1935 CONST. Article XIV Section 5
2. 1973 CONST. Article XV Section 8 (1-8)
3. 1987 CONST. Article XIV Sections 1-5(5)
THE 1987 CONSTITUTIONS
BATAS PAMBANSA BLG. 232 (THE EDUCATION ACT OF 1982)
RIGHTS OF STUDENTS IN SCHOOL (Section 9)
RIGHT OF ALL SCHOOL PERSONNEL (Section 10)
SPECIAL RIGHTS and/or PRIVILEGES OF TEACHING OR ACADEMIC STAFF (Section 11)
RIGHTS OF ADMINISTRATORS (Section 12)
RIGHTS OF SCHOOLS (Section 13)
MAINTENANCE OF QUALITY EDUCATION
OTHER LEGAL BASES
1. Republic Act No. 74
a. Establishment of the Department of Public Instruction headed by the General superintendent
b. The archipelago was divided into school divisions and districts for effective management of the school system.
c. English was made as medium of instruction in all levels of schooling
d. Optional religious instructions in all schools (Section 16)
e. Establishment of a Trade school in Manila (Philippine College of Arts and Trade- PCAT now known as Technological University of the Philippines), a school of Agriculture in Negros, a Normal school in Manila (Philippine Normal School) (Section 18)
• Philippine Normal School, however, was renamed Philippine Normal College (PNC) by virtue of Republic Act No. 416 on June 18, 1949. And on December 26, 1991, the PNC was converted to Philippine Normal University as provided by Republic Act No. 7168.
2. Republic Act No. 2706
This was known as the “Private School Law”, enacted on March 10, 1917 by the Philippine Legislature, which made obligatory the recognition and inspection of private schools and colleges by the Secretary of Public Instruction so as to maintain a standard of efficiency in all private schools and colleges in the country.
This law was amended by Commonwealth Act No. 180 passed on November 13, 1936 which provided that:
The Secretary of Public Instruction was vested with power to “supervise, inspect and regulate said schools and colleges in order to determine the efficiency of instruction given in the same.”
And all private schools come under the supervision and regulation of the Secretary of DPI, thus eliminating “diploma mills” and substandard schools.
3. Commonwealth Act No. 1 (Amended by R.A. 9163)
4. Commonwealth Act No. 80
5. Commonwealth Act No. 578
Enacted on June 8, 1940, conferred the status of “persons in authority” upon the teachers, professors, and persons charged with the supervision of public or duly recognized private schools, colleges and universities.
This Act also provided a penalty of imprisonment ranging from six months and one day to six years and a fine ranging from 500 to 1, 000 pesos upon any person found guilty of assault upon those teaching personnel.
6. Commonwealth Act No. 586 (Repealed by R.A. 896)
a. Reduction of seven- year elementary course to six- year elementary course.
b. Fixing the school entrance age to seven.
c. National support of elementary education.
d. Compulsory attendance in the primary grades for all children who enroll in Grade I.
e. Introduction of double- single session- one class in the morning and another in the afternoon under one teacher to accommodate more children.
7. Commonwealth Act No. 589
8. Republic Act No. 139 (Repealed by R. A. 8047)
Enacted on June 14, 1947, and the Board of Textbooks. This law provided that all public schools must only use books that are approved by the Board for a period of six years from the date of their adoption.
The private schools may use books of their choice, provided the Board of Textbooks has no objections with those books.
9. Republic Act No. 896
a. Restoration of Grade VII (but never implemented due to lack of funds)
b. Abolition of the double - single session and return to the former practice of only one
c. Class under one teacher in the primary and three teachers to two classes or five teachers to three classes in the intermediate level
d. Compulsory completion of the elementary grades
e. Compulsory enrollment of children in the public schools upon attaining seven years of age.
10. Republic Act No. 1124 (Repealed by R. A. 7722)
11. Republic Act No. 1265 (amended by R. A. 8491)
12. Republic Act No. 1425
13. Republic Act No. 4670
14. Republic Act No. 1079
15. Republic Act No. 6655
a. Free public secondary education to all qualified citizens and promote quality education at all level.
b. No tuition or other fees shall be collected except fees related to membership in the school community such I.D., student organization and publication.
c. Non- payment of these shall not hinder a student from enrollment or graduation.
d. Nationalization of all public secondary schools ( Section 7)
e. A student who fails in majority of his academic subjects for two consecutive years could no longer avail of their program.